In “Civil Rights” the magazine is congratulating the Governor of New York and the lone African American man on the state assembly for passing an equal rights amendment to the constitution. With a little digging I found that the amendment to the fourth article of the states constitution prevented racial discrimination in places like hospitals  and public parks. The writer then goes on to encourage readers to study the new law and attempt to replicate it in their own states.

Despite the seemingly positive note of the “Civil Rights” section one phrase in particular alluded to how much further the civil rights movement had to go. When talking about the protection provided by the new law for African Americans the writer says “as completely as they can be protected by legal enactment.” The way the author wrote that didn’t strike me as him saying that African Americans were protected as completely by that law as a law could protect anyone but as him saying that the law protected African Americans as far as others were willing to follow it. Considering that a year after this magazine was published was the “bloody summer”  (mass race rioting) it seems the author knew exactly what direction the political winds were shifting. Over all though “The Crisis” seems as much more unified and well written (if not condescending) publication than “The New Freewoman.”



  1. In “Civil Rights”, the author is definitely “congratulating the Governor of New York and lone African American man on the state assembly for passing an equal rights amendment to the constitution”, but I also feel like the author could be mocking the passing of the amendment because the author does seem to be foreshadowing the “direction the political winds were shifting”. The author words make me feel like he rely isn’t congratulating anyone.

    To back up this idea, I also found the same phrase intriguing. This phrase makes the law seem like it is very conditional, which would not make it a law. This phrase continues to lead me to believe that the author is mocking this law. I completely agree that “The Crisis” has condescending tone to it, and I believe that it being so “well written” contributed greatly to the condescending tone. “The New Freewoman” does not have the apparent condescending tone that “The Crisis” does.

    • As stated by Jessica it is important to note that even though the “Civil Rights” section had a rather positive tone, there was still a long way to go for true equality. The author goes as far as to state that the legal system can only go so far in ensuring that African-Americans would be treated fairly. Seeing as how social differences would hold up race relations for a long time, in reflection, we see now that the author correctly inferred that there may be other ways people of color would be oppressed. Similar to the “New Freewoman” article over similar legal matters, the overall tone of the article seems to suggest that there would be impending change.

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